How to get student council tax exemption
Working out your council tax eligibility can be a headache, particularly as every living situation is different. Use this guide to see if you're exempt from paying!Credit: Jason Rogers – FlickrCouncil tax is one of these horrible things that we all have to face up to at some point in our adult lives. But the good news is, if you're a full-time student, you can delay facing up to it for a little bit longer!
However, it's worth knowing that there are certain situations where you might have to cough up some council tax monies even if you're a student – read on to find out everything you need to know.
What's on this page?
What is council tax and what does it pay for?
Council tax is a yearly charge paid in 11 or 12 monthly installments throughout the year. Council tax charges are made per household rather than per person, and is calculated by the valuation of the property you're living in.
All UK properties are divided into different value bands (A-H in England and Scotland; A-I in Wales) and depend on your postcode and how much the property was worth back in April 1991.
The tax you pay goes directly to your local council to foot the bill for things like rubbish collections, street cleaning, local schools, roadworks, etc. In Scotland, your council tax also covers water and sewerage. Lovely!
Can I be exempt from paying council tax?
Any household which is occupied exclusively by full time students will qualify for a full exemption on council tax.
If your home is made up of both full-time students and non-students, you will get a council tax bill through the door each month, but only non-student tenants will have to pay it, while students are 'disregarded'.
If you have a situation where all of you are full-time students apart from one person who's not a student, unfortunately (for them at least!) they'll have to pay the bill themselves, but will receive a single person discount of 25%.
Therefore, it might be worth choosing your flatmates carefully before moving into a new property, as if you have a mix of students and non-students, those who aren't in full-time education can end up with a bit of a raw deal if they have no other tax payers to split the bills with!
As mentioned previously, to qualify for council tax exemption you need to be studying full time – part-time students still need to pay (but could be eligible for a reduction).
Qualifying for exemption
To qualify for exemption, the council need to consider you a 'disregarded person'.
You'll be disregarded if you're any of the following:
- a full-time student (sure you've got that by now!)
- studying a course up to A Levels and are under the age of 20 (if your course lasts at least 3 months and you study for 12 hours a week)
- under 25 and taking specific types of training like government training schemes
- a full-time student's 'overseas partner' (so child, spouse or civil partner who is not legally permitted to work in the UK)
- a student nurse (so already finished studying but not yet fully qualified)
- an apprentice working towards a qualification.
There are a few exceptions to these, so if you're unsure of your particular situation check out the government's official council tax page.
How to apply for exemption
Credit: Julia Roy – FlickrDepending on how your local council prefers to do things, getting your exemption can be done in minutes or take a few days (or weeks, if they're particularly sluggish). Some councils will just ask you to ring them up and give them your name, student number and uni course and they'll arrange your exemption electronically while you're still on the line.
Other councils might ask for what's called a 'certificate of student status' in order to prove that you're in full-time eduction. You can pick one of these up from your university (normally from the admissions office) and post it to your local council.
Other universities have online systems which you can log into yourself and it will automatically generate a letter and send it to the council.
So essentially, how easy this process is just depends how techy your uni and council are!
If you're struggling to get the right contact details for your local council, the Directgov site also has a handy list of contact details that might be worth looking at.
What about summer and study breaks?
It can be a bit of a grey area for some students when it comes to paying tax during the summer months or during study breaks.
The easiest way to work out whether you'll have to pay is to establish how long you'll be registered on your course for: If you're doing an undergraduate degree that lasts three years, you won't have to fork out during the summer months between terms, even if you start working full time during the summer.
If you're deferring your course until the next year after having already started, it's unlikely that your university will go to the effort of deregistering you so that you need to register all over again when the next academic year begins. Therefore, you probably won't have to pay council tax during this break period.
Essentially, your exemption kicks in the day your course starts and it will continue until the day your course ends, including holiday periods when you're not studying.
The postgraduate situation
Whilst you won't have to pay tax during the summer breaks between academic years, you will have to pay for the summer months at the end of your final year – even if you're going straight into postgraduate study when the academic year starts again. This is because there will be a gap in between where you won't technically be a student anymore before you officially start your next course.
If you're a postgraduate student taking a bit of extra time to finish writing your thesis over the summer, unfortunately you can have a bit of trouble getting exemption as this is technically outside of course time.
However, a good way to get round this is to move back home for the summer! If you can prove to your local council that you're moving away as soon as uni is over, they won't send you a bill.
Hopefully we've managed to answer a few of your council tax-related questions with this guide!
If you're still unsure if you need to pay council tax, you can leave a comment below, get in touch with us, or contact your local council directly.